An Investigation of Form and Communicative Effectiveness


As a result of globalization, higher education institutions throughout the world are adopting English for parts of their education. Higher education is becoming increasingly international and thus linguistically diverse, for educational, idealistic and financial reasons. This book presents a much-needed description of English as a lingua franca (ELF) from an interna­tional university setting and focuses on form and pragmatic issues, using authentic spoken data. It provides useful insights into how communicative effectiveness can be achieved in spoken lingua franca communication.


Björkman, Beyza. 2013. English as an Academic Lingua Franca. Developments in English as a Lingua Franca series. Berlin/New York: De Gruyter Mouton.